Total Population: 24,127,159
Natural Increase: 1.4%
Density: 3 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 89.6%
Population of Main Urban Zones:
- Sydney: 2,908,643
- Melbourne: 2,707,529
- Brisbane: 1,874,426
- Perth: 1,627,576
- Adelaide: 1,103,979
- Gold Cost: 533,659
- Canberra: 391,473
Ethnic Origins: Australia is a multicultural nation with more than 170 different nationalities whose diversity is continually growing. 92% of the population is of European origin (mostly English, Irish, Scottish, Italian and Greek), with 7% of Asian origin and 1% who identify as Indigenous Australian. (Australian Bureau of Statistics – ABS).
Official Language: The official language of Australia is English. English is also the common language in different sectors such as the legislature, justice, administrative services, work and correspondence.
Other Languages: In Australia minority groups use more than 200 languages including the Aborigine languages and immigrant languages (Italian, Greek, Cantonese, Lebanese, Vietnamese, Turkish, etc.)
Business Language(s): English.
- Protestant: 30%
- Catholic: 25%
- Unspecified: 9%
- Buddhist: 2.5%
- Muslim: 2.2%
A declining majority of people (58% according to certain surveys) say they are Christian. Most Protestant Churches, except the Anglican Church, have merged to form the Uniting Church; the Catholic Church has a large following. There are also non-Christian minorities. 20% of the population say they are non-believers. While traditional Aboriginal religions exist and are closely linked to culture and the land, many Indigenous Australians were converted to Christianity after Australia’s colonisation.
Time Zones: There are 5 standard time zones in Australia:
- UTC+8:00: Australian Western Standard Time (AWST)
- UTC+8:45: Australian Central Western Standard Time (ACWST)
- UTC+9:30: Australian Central Standard Time (ACST)
- UTC+10:00: Australian Eastern Standard Time: (AEST)
- UTC+10:30: Lord Howe Standard Time (LHST)
Currency: The national Australian currency is Australian Dollar (AUD)
Area: 7,741,220 km²
Type of State: Commonwealth of Australia. Federal State of 6 States and 2 Territories based on a parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member. Services are dominant in the economy; abundant natural resources; greatest number of national parks and natural reserves in the world.
HDI World Rank: 2/188
*Note: The HDI, Human Development Index, is an indicator which synthesises several data such as life expectancy, level of education, professional careers, access to culture etc.